Repository Universitas Lampung

How Many Cost Losses Caused By Traffic Jam In Term Of Fuel Consumption and Value of Time On Main Road in Bandar Lampung

sulistyorini, rahayu (2014) How Many Cost Losses Caused By Traffic Jam In Term Of Fuel Consumption and Value of Time On Main Road in Bandar Lampung. In: International Conference ConCERN 2014., 4-5 November 2014, Bandung.

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    Abstract

    Abstract— Bandar Lampung, capital city of Lampung such as gate of Sumatera with 902,885 population in 2012, having 120,554 passenger cars. Like other major cities in Indonesia, especially during peak hour, congestion is commonly visible in several main roads. Traffic jams of course will lead to a considerable loss in terms of the value of time, fuel consumption, air pollution, noise and some other qualitative aspects. This research tries to calculate how the losses incurred as a result of congestion in terms of fuel consumption and time value. A survey carried out for six days in the peak time morning, noon and afternoon to calculate the traffic volume, speed, travel time and delay in one main road of this city along . Fuel consumption for each vehicle type is obtained from interviews and secondary data from vehicle dealers. The type of vehicles that are reviewed are some brands of private cars with 2 types of diesel and gasoline also public transport, without reviewing a motorcycle. After we obtain travel time per each liter fuel consumption and delay, we reach fuel consumption in traffic jam. From the analysis results showed that the loss is due to congestion based on fuel consumption is around Rp. 4.751.432.140,- per year. While the value of time obtained by the method of income approach and stated preference generate each value Rp. 16.903 per hour and Rp. 18.417 per hour. Financial losses from value of time is calculate by multiply time of traffic jam, traffic volume and value of time. Using Income Approach, the loss is due to congestion based on time value is around Rp. 3.607.076.443,- per year. The total cost of the losses due to congestion in terms of fuel consumption as well as value of time is Rp. 8.358.508.583 per year. It takes only a few sample in main road which is less than 5 km only. We can imagine the loss due to all of city area with many road segments that was crowded. This financial value is also only results from congestion due to fuel consumption and value of time, not counting from air pollution, noise and other aspects resulting from the raise of traffic volume. If engineering improvement such as traffic management not done to reduce private vehicles growth, the quality of urban communities’s life will be declining and environmental damage getting worse for future generations. Keywords— fuel consumption; time value; traffic jam; financial losses; stated preference

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > S1 Teknik Sipil
    Depositing User: Admin Fakultas Teknik
    Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2015 14:31
    Last Modified: 16 Nov 2015 14:31
    URI: http://repository.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/815

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